What is Whole Life-Cycle Carbon Assessment (WLCA)?

Whole Life-Cycle Carbon (WLC) encompasses the total carbon emissions resulting from a building's entire life cycle. This includes emissions from its construction, operational phase, embodied carbon emissions, as well as potential savings from reusing or recycling building components.

A Whole LCA provides a comprehensive understanding of a building's true carbon impact on the environment.

WLC Assesment includes analysis of raw material extraction, manufacturing, transportation of building materials, construction, maintenance, repair, replacement, dismantling, demolition, and material disposal.



What Benefits and Considerations Come with Designing a Development That Follows a WLC (Whole Life Cycle) Approach?

Comprehensive Emissions Accounting: Ensure robust tracking of emissions in the built environment, a crucial step toward achieving a net-zero carbon city.

Resource Efficiency and Savings: Promote refurbishment and the reuse of existing materials and structures, emphasizing cost-effective solutions over new construction.

Recycling and Circular Economy: Highlight carbon savings from using recycled materials and the advantages of designing for future reuse and recycling, promoting a sustainable, waste-reducing circular economy.

Fabric-First Design: Prioritize a 'fabric first' approach in building design, reducing reliance on mechanical systems and favoring natural ventilation.

Simultaneous Consideration of Emissions: Evaluate both operational and embodied emissions concurrently to identify optimal solutions throughout a development's lifespan.

Lifecycle Impact: Assess the impact of maintenance, repair, and replacement on a building's lifespan to enhance resource efficiency, reduce costs, and safeguard asset value.

Local Sourcing and Short Supply Chains: Encourage the use of locally sourced materials and short supply chains, fostering economic, social, and carbon-related benefits for the local community.

Durability and Flexibility: Promote durable construction and flexible design to extend building longevity, mitigating emissions associated with demolition and new construction.


What are the WLC (Whole Life-Cycle Carbon) Principles?

  • Reuse and retrofit of existing built structures.
  • Use repurposed or recycled materials.
  • Material selection
  • Minimize operational energy use
  • Minimize the carbon emissions associated with operational water use
  • Disassembly and reuse
  • Building shape and form
  • Regenerative design
  • Designing for durability and flexibility
  • Optimization of the relationship between operational and embodied carbon
  • Building life expectancy
  • Local sourcing
  • Minimizing waste
  • Efficient construction
  • Lightweight construction
  • Circular economy

How Does ERKE Manage Whole Life-Cycle Carbon Assessment Process?

For Whole Life-Cycle Carbon Assessment We begin by engaging in an initial consultation with our clients to understand their project requirements, goals, and objectives.

Our team collects all relevant data pertaining to the building project, including materials specifications, construction plans, energy consumption, and expected lifespan of the building.

We utilize industry-standard assessment frameworks, such as the one provided in the WLC Assessment guidance document, to structure our analysis.

We consider various scenarios and mitigation strategies to identify opportunities for emissions reduction.

We create a comprehensive WLC Assessment report that outlines the findings, recommendations, and mitigation strategies.

Since 2007, ERKE has undertaken LCA Consulting for dozens of projects in various sizes, actively working in Turkey and in many other countries including the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Malta, Italy, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. We prepare whole lifecycle assessments according to the standards and in line with the London Plan 2021. Contact us to learn more.



Completed LCAs
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